Area, 260,862 square miles. Formerly Upper Canada. As a separate province, its existence dates from 1791. The population at that time was insignificant. Simcoe became the first governor, and the first Legislature met at Newark (Niagara) in 1792. The province was reunited to Lower Canada in 1841; and in 1867 became a member of the new Confederation, under its present name. The greater part of the province was explored by Champlain, Étienne Brûlé, and Brébeuf, Chaumonot, and other Jesuit missionaries, in the first half of the seventeenth century.
   Index: W Abolishes second chamber, 71. See also Upper Canada; New Ontario.
   Bib.: Dent, Last Forty Years; Smith, Geographical View of Upper Canada; Gourlay, Statistical Account of Upper Canada; Haight, Country Life in Canada; Canniff, History of the Settlement of Upper Canada; Moodie, Roughing it in the Bush; Edgar, Ten Years of Upper Canada; Strickland, Twenty-Seven Years in Canada West; Clarke, Sixty Years in Upper Canada; Conant, Upper Canada Sketches.

The makers of Canada. 2014.

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